Estimation of air quality by bioindicators. In the air quality studies fir-trees and lichens are used as Bioindicators.
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Air Quality was accepted in 1994 and a protocol have been elaborated on using bioindicators:
- Estimation air quality by bioindicators: Fir trees as bioindicators of forest damage
- Estimation air quality by bioindicators: Lichen, types of species and percent coverage.
The protocols is modified in Learners' Guide 2: Working for a better Air Quality in the Baltic Region. The book was presented in the beginning of 1998. The Air Quality program can be used by all schools the school does not have to be situated on the border of the Baltic Sea.
Connection to UN-G lobal Sustainable
Development Goal no 15: Protect, restore and promote
sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage
forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land
degradation and halt biodiversity loss
- Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use
of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat
desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt
- 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
- 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
- 15.3 By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world
- 15.4 By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development
- 15.5 Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
- 15.6 Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed
- 15.7 Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products
- 15.8 By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species
- 15.9 By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into
national and local planning, development processes, poverty
reduction strategies and accounts
- 15.a Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems
- 15.b Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation
- § 15.c Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities